Category Archives: Engineering

NAB Reminder: Enhanced Electronic Newsroom Technique Best Practices

NABAll television stations that are using Enhanced Electronic Newsroom Technique (ENT) to caption their news programs should regularly review their compliance with the Federal Communication Commission’s (FCC’s) rules, promptly respond to consumer feedback, and implement technical solutions to improve service to viewers who are deaf or hearing-impaired. Failure to comply could lead to FCC fines, a mandate to use real-time captioning instead of ENT, or other penalties.

Nearly all television programming must be captioned to serve the needs of viewers who are deaf or hearing-impaired. For several years, many television stations used ENT to provide captions for their live newscasts. ENT is an automated technique that converts the words in a teleprompter script into captions. ENT is an accurate, cost-effective alternative to full real-time captioning. However, the FCC proposed in 2013 to phase out ENT because too much news content was not scripted, and therefore not captioned.

NAB successfully negotiated with the FCC to allow many television stations to continue using ENT for the captioning of live news programming if they comply with certain best practices that characterize Enhanced ENT.


In-Studio Programming All programming that is produced in-studio must be scripted, including in-studio news, sports, weather and entertainment programming.
Weather Weather interstitials within a news program must be scripted. The FCC allows some flexibility given the relative difficulty of captioning multiple weather segments. Although the scripts for weather interstitials need not exactly track the words used on air, the captions must accurately summarize the audio text that accompanies the visual information on the screen and describe weather forecast information.
Pre-Produced Programming All pre-produced programming segments must be scripted to the extent technically feasible.
Live Programming If not scripted, all live programming, including interviews, live on-the-scene and/or breaking news segments must be supplemented with crawls and other textual information.
Training Television broadcasters must provide training to all news staff toward improved news scripting.
Compliance Television broadcasters must appoint an “ENT Coordinator” to track the newsroom’s compliance.

*All stations except for the four major national broadcast networks and their affiliate stations in the Top 25 DMAs are allowed to use ENT to caption live programming.

The option to use Enhanced ENT remains critical to the ability of stations in small and medium market to offer local news and information programming. The FCC, however, considers the accessibility of such programming for the deaf and hard of hearing to be of paramount importance and will only permit continued use of ENT captioning if stations consistently follow the best practices for Enhanced ENT. The FCC is actively monitoring television station compliance with these ENT best practices through consumer complaints and surveys. Not only will failure to abide by them potentially result in enforcement action, but also may cause the FCC to extend the requirement that local news and information programming be real-time captioned to all markets.

NAB recommends that all stations create a program of regularly scheduled checks of your Enhanced ENT to ensure compliance with the best practices, on a biweekly or monthly basis.

Going forward, broadcasters should consider further improvements to their ENT process. Key areas for attention include:

  • Synchronicity and pacing of captions
  • Accuracy and completeness of captions (e.g., missing words, especially right before a commercial break)
  • Size and format of captioning text and captioning window
  • Ensuring that scripts for all weather reporting within news programming closely track the words spoken on the air
  • Response to viewer comments about captioning

NAB also recommends that stations retain internal samples of ENT captioning for comparison to future progress.

Additional information can be found in NAB’s counsel memo regarding Enhanced ENT for live programming. NAB also plans to provide further guidance and training resources to help stations to further improve Enhanced ENT in the near future. Please watch NAB’s newsletters for details.

Urgent EAS Notice: New Equipment Requirements

eas-logo_300MAB ABIP inspector R. Dale Gehman has issued the following advisory.  Please review your EAS equipment immediately to assess your situation.

If you need further assistance, feel free to contact the MAB at (800) 968-7622.

R. Dale Gehman – GC&C – June 20, 2016

A new set of EAS Rules and Guidelines adopted by the Federal Communications Commission become effective on July 30, 2016, mandating the following:

1). All EAS Participants must have an operational EAS Decoder that recognizes the new FCC EAS ‘FIPS’ Code #000000 (National Location Code).

2). All EAS Participants must have an operational EAS Decoder that recognizes and acts immediately to ‘relay‐to‐air’ an EAS Activation received coded with the EAS Event Code; ‘NPT’ (National Periodic Test) that is received with a valid ‘FIPS’ Code.

3). All EAS Participants must register with the FCC’s new ‘EAS Test Reporting System’ (ETRS) once the ‘ETRS’ server is operational. The FCC will release a Public Notice announcing the launch of ‘ETRS’ and that upcoming notice will specify a WEB‐URL link that Stations must use to complete their ‘ETRS’ registration.

4). Once item ‘3’ above occurs; Licensees will have sixty (60) days to establish an account and enter each Station’s data into the FCC’s ‘ETRS’. Once ‘ETRS’ is operational, Stations must log in and report all EAS Activations to the FCC’s Server using the log‐in account registered for each Station.

5). FEMA has scheduled a National EAS Test for Wednesday, Sept. 28, 2016 at 2:20 PM EDT. The National EAS Test will originate using the new EAS FIPS Code 000000 (New National Location Code) and using the modified EAS Event Code ‘NPT’ (National Periodic Test).


Unfortunately, many of the original 1996 vintage EAS Decoders/Encoders must now be replaced as they cannot be upgraded to accomplish both the modified response to receipt of an ‘NPT’ Event Code nor can they be upgraded to recognize the new ‘000000’ FIPS National Location Code.

An example of vintage EAS Gear that cannot be upgraded includes, but not limited to; TFT’s EAS911, the Gray SAGE ENDEC and most of the 1996 era EAS boxes.

Most Stations previously upgraded to current vintage EAS Gear that polls FEMA’s IPAWS-CAP Server via the Internet, in compliance with the FCC Rules. Licensees should insure that current vintage EAS Gear has the latest software and firmware updates prior to July 30, 2016!

Stations that continue to operate with vintage EAS Gear that has not been upgraded successfully to recognize the National FIPS Code ‘000000’ and upgraded with a modified response to the EAS Event Code ‘NPT’ – will be in violation of the Rules on August 1, 2016, a violation that subjects the Licensee to a significant monetary assessment and notice of violation upon inspection.

FCC Proposes Earth Station Update Extension

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has issued a Public Notice regarding an extension of the deadline that TV stations using satellite newsgathering trucks will have to install a tracking beam so neighboring satellite TV operators can find them if they cause interference.

TV Technology reports that nearly three years ago, the Federal Communications Commission ordered the adoption of an identification scheme that would allow satellite operators to track down interference from temporary-fixed earth stations—a category that includes satellite newsgathering trucks. These stations were supposed to start embedding an Automatic Transmitter Identification System message into their subcarrier signal by September 3, 2016. This was to be achieved through an upgraded or new modulator, but those are few and far between as the deadline approaches, according to the FCC Public Notice seeking feedback on when to set the new deadline.

“Recent information from affected earth station operators and independent staff market surveillance, indicate that suitable external modulators have not become widely available,” the notice said. “Many earth station operators would therefore be unable to retro-fit their current transmitting equipment in order to comply… and instead would need to replace the equipment at a considerably greater expense than anticipated when the rule was adopted.”

Read more here.

FCC To Demo New Online Public File June 13

On June 13, 2016, the Federal Communications Commission will conduct a public/online demonstration of the expanded Online Public Inspection File (OPIF), which will replace the current Broadcast Public Inspection File (BPIF) process. The FCC will exhibit the interface that will be used by broadcast television and radio stations, cable systems, satellite television, and radio systems to file documents in the online public file database. The demonstration will inform users of the design, layout, and content of the OPIF site, discuss how to upload information and files, and present the new Application Program Interface (API) functionalities.

For more information, click here.


ABIP Scheduling Underway!

Is Your Station Ready for any regulatory changes coming in 2016?

Can you afford a FCC fine? Take advantage of this great savings opportunity to get your station fully FCC compliant and free from a routine FCC inspection for three years.

The MAB’s alternative inspection program (ABIP) is unique in that we work with your staff on-site during the inspection to correct errors or omissions in the pubic file as well.

The schedule window for the 2016 ABIP’s is now open! All the details are available here.

Whether you have had an inspection in the past and your certificate is about to expire, or you have never had an inspection, the MAB ABIP program is well worth the time and cost.

Engineering Spotlight: Mike Maciejewski, Townsquare Media (Grand Rapids)

Nominate an engineer you know!  Email Alisha Clack at

MikeM_052316Mike Maciejewski
Market Engineering Manager for Townsquare Media, Grand Rapids

Brief Engineering Resume:

  • 1999-Present – Market Engineering Manager for Townsquare Media, Grand Rapids
  • 1998-1999 – Chief Engineer, KTRH, Houston, TX
  • 1994-1998 – 1st tour of duty at current job
  • 1991-1994 – Station owner/operator, WKGH, Allegan, MI
  • 1983-1990 – Chief Engineer, WMUS, Muskegon

Q: How did you get started in broadcast engineering?
Mike:  I’m a 2nd generation broadcast engineer and learned a lot while working with my dad when I was a kid. Somewhere along the way I graduated from him telling me to, “…hold the flashlight still!” I also had some great mentors: Dave Gale, Tom Bosscher, and my late friend John Alan who passed away last spring.

Tell us something about yourself that very few people know…
Mike:  My wife, Nikki and I will be celebrating our 20th wedding anniversary in May.

What is the best advice you’ve ever received?
Mike:  Be willing to take risks and go the extra mile to achieve better things.

Engineering Spotlight: Shawn Hoskey, CMU Public Broadcasting

Nominate an engineer you know!  Email Alisha Clack at

Hoskey_300Shawn Hoskey
Operations Supervisor for Central Michigan University Public Broadcasting.

Brief Engineering Resume:

  • Graduated from Delta College in 1995 with an associates degree in Broadcasting – Radio and Television.
  • Worked at 93.3 WKQZ-FM as a part-time on-air talent for three years in the mid-90s.
  • Worked for some Delta college public broadcasting and freelance work for Hardy Commutations (Dow in Midland) from 94-97.
  • I taught a year of audio operations as an adjunct professor at Delta College.
  • Worked for WNEM-TV (Saginaw) in engineering from July 1997 until December 2009. Jobs included MCR, VTR editor, Uplink operator, editor, Audio operator and Technical Director for live news.
  • Have been with Central Michigan University Public Broadcasting since December 2009.
  • I also volunteer with technical operations audio and video at my church.

Q: How did you get started in broadcast engineering?
Shawn:  I spent a year in college in Grand Rapids with no major. I volunteered for a campus-wide talent show having no actual talent to perform anything, so I helped with the tech and really loved the idea that even though I was not on stage, I helped to make it happen. I started in television audio production, but as my career moved forward, I rapidly found myself working more in engineering. I have always loved the bridge between the creativity of production and the technical “nuts and bolts” of making it happen. Engineering is in of itself an art form.

Tell us something about yourself that very few people know…
Shawn:   I am a huge board gamer . I even have a 10-foot conference room table in my living room for me and my “nerd” friends to gather around to play weekly “nerd” poker.

What is the best advice you’ve ever received?
Shawn:  “Making the right decision does not define maturity (we are all human and make mistakes). Rather, it is how you take responsibility for the decisions you make that define maturity.”  -Ruth Sission, my family living teacher in grade 12.

Editorial: There’s a Crisis Coming in Broadcasting, and It’s Not What You Think

Munday_300By: Sherrod Munday, VP Engineering, Sky Angel  

At the recent National Association of Broadcasters (NAB) show in Las Vegas, again this year, it was really exciting to see the new technology that broadcasters can use to deliver their content to the public.  Likewise, there certainly was no shortage of keynote speakers like NAB’s President and CEO Gordon Smith who proudly proclaimed the ongoing importance of conventional broadcasting via the airwaves, and the benefits of “localism” that radio and television broadcasters bring to their communities.

The large number of conventional broadcasters – and the companies that service them – who were present and active at the NAB show spoke to the ongoing relevance of conventional broadcasting.  As Smith noted in his opening remarks at the beginning of the NAB show, broadcasting most certainly is and will continue to play an incredibly important societal role to educate, inform, report relevant news, and warn the public of urgent danger.  Ben Sherwood, president of Disney-ABC Television Group, also reminded NAB attendees that the $1.4 Trillion USD of economic benefit and 2.65 million U.S. jobs attributed in 2015 to broadcasting cannot be ignored.

In spite of the diverse benefits and strengths provided by broadcasting, however, many serious threats to the existence of broadcasting could significantly and adversely impact the wellbeing and sustainability of broadcasting as a public service and as a business in the not-so-distant future.

It’s not an unfamiliar list of threats – indeed, most of these threats have been well known and discussed for years now, even at the NAB show itself:

  • Online streaming services like Pandora and Spotify
  • On-demand content like podcasts and video-on-demand providers like Netflix and Amazon Prime Video
  • Increased governmental oversight and regulations
  • Higher licensing fees
  • Ease of public access to illegally copied content like recent movies and music
  • The generational shifts to alternate sources of news and entertainment

…and the list goes on…

But, even while pundits, analysts, prognosticators, and business executives debate what to do about these types of problems, they’re missing one of the biggest threats to their existence.  It’s like the Biblical “log in your own eye” problem – they’re so focused on external threats to their existence and sustainability that they completely miss the primary weakness from within their organization.

The classic “SWOT” chart, commonly used in business management courses, reminds reminds astute business leaders to look at their business with an eye toward two opposed pairs of interrelated issues: things that can help their company versus things that can hurt their company, and things that are external versus internal.  Yes, broadcasters have plenty of Strengths and Opportunities that can help their business.  And, yes, there are some pretty well known Threats like the ones listed above that really could hurt their business.  But it seems like the broadcasting business isn’t really willing to talk about their own Weaknesses that could hurt them.

Or, maybe it’s even worse than that: maybe they don’t even recognize that they have weaknesses.

And to paraphrase the venerable Yoda from the movie Star Wars: “Hurt them badly, those Weaknesses could.

Anyone who has spent their career in broadcast engineering will readily recognize and has likely already witnessed the ongoing crisis getting worse and worse as time progresses.  The Titanic’s side has been ripped open under the waterline, and just like the captain of that doomed ship, the management in the broadcasting business just hasn’t recognized the severity of the problem or done anything intentional and methodical to mitigate and solve it.

You’re wondering: what could be more dangerous to broadcasting than threats like those listed above?  Those sure sound like the doomsday forecast for broadcasting, don’t they?

Consider instead the following single internal weakness for a moment, and ponder its significance compared and contrasted against external threats like those listed above:

  • No qualified engineering staff to keep the facility on-the-air

It’s a short list, indeed, but think about it again for a minute.

Without someone who knows the current broadcast technology and equipment and how to install, configure, maintain, and repair it, can your broadcast facility and operation stay on the air for very long?  Can it make any money if your transmitter is down?  Can your station warn the public of a public emergency when the new-fangled IP-based STL that some consultant said would save the company a bunch of money goes down or starts dropping IP packets and nobody knows how to fix it – or even where to start looking?

That may seem a bit overdramatic, but it’s really not.

You see, the coming crisis in broadcasting is the lack of qualified people interested in getting into broadcast engineering, coupled with the current generation of engineers coming ever-closer to retirement.  At this year’s NAB, many first-hand stories about this crisis were shared between friends and acquaintances, and surely many more such stories are regularly lamented at SBE meetings all across the nation – and probably all around the world, too.

It’s likely that most of the current engineers who attended this year’s NAB show probably know more than one engineer who soon plans to retire. One engineer’s story told of a recent SBE meeting in Michigan where a guest speaker was dumbfounded to realize that nearly every single SBE member present in the room was planning to retire within the next 5-8 years.  Another engineer from a major national radio network mentioned that their senior engineers have all announced or are all planning retirement within the next year or two. And the stories like this go on and on…

But the real problem is that nobody is coming up behind them to replace the retiring engineers.

You see, broadcast engineering just doesn’t hold the glamour it used to in the older days before the recent explosion of technology over the past two decades.  Computers, programming, IT jobs, etc. are now “all the rage” among college graduates.  Oh, sure, there are some young people interested in broadcasting – but when they find out how much it pays versus the starting salary for other technical jobs like computer programming, broadcasting doesn’t stand a chance.

We shouldn’t be hearing of stories of station groups wanting to hire an experienced engineer to maintain three full-time stations for a paltry $30,000 to $40,000 salary, yet most broadcast engineers probably have a first- or second-hand horror story just like that to share.  Aren’t the stations’ annual revenues worth more than that?  How much is your downtime worth per hour – or per minute?  Can you really afford to not have a highly trained engineering team on staff to keep your stations on the air?

But let’s go back to where this article started: the first sentence hinted at one of the key underlying problems.  It’s the new technology.  Yes, it’s that same new technology that lets us see amazing “4k” pictures on our televisions and be wowed by their clarity and crispness.  It’s the same technology that lets us set up an unattended radio automation system that runs 24x7x365 without a live person in front of it.  It’s the same technology that allows our websites to show “Now Playing” data for what’s airing real-time from our automation system.  It’s the same technology that allows us to reduce our operational costs by 50% and increase capacity by 100% every couple years.

You see, those same new technologies that provide so many benefits also create a need for entirely new skill sets among the engineering staff, and those new skills make the engineers more valuable than in days gone by – if the engineers possess and master those skills.   But the problems go deeper than that: some really great broadcast engineers with decades of experience just can’t grasp the new technologies or learn them fast enough (or find enough time) to keep up.  Worse yet, some engineers simply don’t want to learn anything new and would rather instead just rest on their laurels from their analog glory days (telling everyone how good analog is, and how easy it is to troubleshoot and maintain).

The problems spread to other departments, too: How many of you have heard an IT department employee or director emphatically state that they aren’t going to support anything (especially computers) that pertains to on-air broadcast equipment?  Or, how many of you have heard of the IT department trying to handle the always-on 24×7 broadcast department’s on-air IT needs as if they were no different or more important than a normal office worker’s complaint about a sticky key on their keyboard?

These fundamental problems have come to a crisis point.  Broadcasting companies both small and large need to understand that the entire engineering department needs new skills to stay competitive and keep the station on the air.  We need to realize that all broadcast engineering positions should – and already do – require hybridized skill sets encompassing both the conventional engineering practices and the IT practices.  It’s simply not possible or practical anymore to have completely distinct and separate IT and broadcast engineering departments and expect them to each stay out of the other’s “turf” or territory.  It’s impossible to treat either one as more important than the other; they are equals and inextricably linked and interdependent in the modern broadcast facility, and each department needs to have an excellent working knowledge of the other’s equipment, needs, and areas of responsibilities.  There’s simply no place for animosity or ignorance between the two departments anymore.

The Bottom Line

For those managers who skip the bulk of most reports and proposals and simply look down to the end to find out how much it’s going to cost and ask, “What does this mean for our bottom line, and what’s the benefit from this expense?” this part is for you.

As with any job in any business, hiring for increased skill sets, training, and retaining highly qualified employees will obviously cost the business more money.  But the coming crisis of the high numbers of retiring broadcast engineers and the low interest among qualified potential candidates to replace those engineers who are leaving leaves little alternative but to take a long, serious look at compensations that will be good enough to attract new talent into the business and retain key employees who may already possess the requisite skills.

Additionally, it’s critical that management recognize that it will also cost them some money to ensure their engineering staff continues to learn throughout their career.  Yes, engineers should personally be motivated to acquire new skills to stay relevant, but management shouldn’t be at all hesitant to pay for training that will directly benefit their operations and help keep the facility technically modern.

Training isn’t just an expense: it’s an investment – both into the employee (who will surely be grateful for the training) and for the company (which gets the tangible benefit of keeping the facility on the air).  If your station doesn’t have a regular recurring budget  line item for training (or “continuing education”), it should.  It will prove to be worth its weight many times over in the long run.

We all have to do something to ensure that broadcasting can overcome this personnel crisis, and the time for that action is now.  There isn’t a “quick fix” available, and this isn’t a one-time thing, either: it will require a change of mindset and paradigm all the way from the junior engineering staff up through the most senior management and the C-level.

It may sound like a cliché, but it can’t be denied: The future of broadcasting depends on you making these changes, whether you’re an engineer or in station management.  It’s time to make changes – together.


Copyright 2016
Sherrod Munday

Sherrod Munday currently serves as VP Engineering for Sky Angel, a 3-channel TV network found on Dish Network.  His experience includes full-time and consulting engineering in both TV and Radio, delivering live and preproduced content over the air, via satellite syndication, and directly to consumers across the Internet.  You may reach him at

Reprinted with permission.

Editor’s Note: The views and opinions of the above article do not necessarily reflect those of the MAB. Contact the MAB for information on the MAB’s official editorial policy.

Carl E. Lee Broadcast Engineering Excellence Awards Announced

The Michigan Association of Broadcasters (MAB) presented its most prestigious engineering award to a pair of Michigan broadcasters who, combined, have served in the industry for over six decades. The Carl E. Lee Broadcast Engineering Excellence Awards were presented during the MAB’s annual Great Lakes Broadcasting Conference and Expo (GLBC) held on May 3 at The Lansing Center in downtown Lansing.

The Carl E. Lee Broadcast Engineering Excellence Award winners are:

(L-R) Don Missad, Karole White, Wayne Henderson, Ed Fernandez

Radio Recipient: Don Missad, Chief Engineer, iHeartMedia of West Michigan
Don started his career at Channel 41 in Battle Creek in 1974.  In 1976, he moved to WOOD Radio in Grand Rapids and has remained there throughout many ownership changes. He is currently the Chief Engineer of iHeartMedia of West Michigan overseeing 12 transmitter sites.Throughout his career, Don has built and rebuilt many stations.  He is a creative problem solver and has saved radio stations thousands of dollars by rebuilding or repairing equipment.  By doing so, he has earned the nickname, ‘Shipshewana Don.’  He is a team player and has always done what’s best for the station. His passion, dedication and commitment to the field is evident in all that he does. Don is active in the community and has helped many small stations stay afloat.  In 2010, he was awarded “Volunteer of The Year” by the public radio station WYCE.  Don continues to strive to excellence in the field and currently is in the process of completely rebuilding all studios with the AOIP studio technology.

Television Recipient: Wayne Henderson, Director of Technical Services and Chief Engineer at CMU Public Broadcasting.

Wayne was raised in the thumb area of Michigan and graduated in 1975 from Carsonville – Pt. Sanilac High School in Carsonville, Michigan.  Wayne attended Ferris State College in Big Rapids, Michigan from 1975 to 1979 and obtained an Associate Degree in Radio Television Service Technology, an Associate Degree in Industrial Electronics Technology, and a Bachelor of Science degree in Broadcast Electronics Technology.

Upon graduation in 1979, Wayne’s first job in television broadcasting was with Central Michigan University’s Public Broadcasting Department as a staff Maintenance Engineer; two years later he was hired as WFUM-TV’s Senior Media Engineer at the University of Michigan-Flint.

Wayne was promoted to Director of Engineering & Operations at UM Flint and served in that role from 1984 to 2009. In television engineering, Wayne managed an extensive student program developing engineering assistants for on-air switching, transmitter management, editing, and project work. Many of these students became full-time staff within the station and many more went on to work for area commercial TV Stations.

In late 2009, the University of Michigan sold the WFUM-TV transmission facilities to Central Michigan University. Wayne found himself back at Central Michigan University Public Broadcasting where his career started.

Day Two Engineering Preview – GLBC

Day two of Engineering Sessions at GLBC begin at 8 a.m.

Tuesday, May 3, 2016
8:00 – 11:00am 
SBE Exam for CNBT and CBNE

Registration for the SBE Exams closed on April 1.

10:00 – 10:30am
New Technologies and Design Concepts in Radio Automation (Not Your Dad’s Automation System)
Presented by Don Backus, Broadcast Electronics

Don Backus
Don Backus

Many current radio automation systems trace their roots back to the mid and early 1990’s and have maintained features, implementations, and designs that date back 15, 20, or even 25 years ago. As radio’s needs have changed over that time, so has the technology available to radio automation manufacturers. This session will look at modern automation technologies and how they can benefit radio broadcasters of all market sizes. From AoIP to powerful database structures to flexible operation and redundancy configurations to simple yet powerful user interfaces, today’s (and tomorrow’s) radio automation technologies offer much to streamline workflows, save and generate revenue and improve on air sound while improving the ability to be as ‘live and local’ as possible.

10:30 – 11:00am
Evolution of Solid State FM Transmitters
Presented by Don Backus, Broadcast Electronics

It wasn’t too long ago that solid state FM transmitters became widely available, eliminating the need for costly tubes, but at a higher initial cost. As time as gone by, several generations of solid state transmitters have produced higher efficiencies and decreased costs, but generally at lower power levels. Now there are several higher power solid state options in much more compact form factors with new technologies designed to improve efficiency, reliability and serviceability in the field. This session will look at some of the new tech in FM transmitters and discuss the benefits to radio stations.

10:00 – 11:00am
Working with the Future of Video Data Today
Presented by Jon Rutherford, Sr. Solution Architect at Key Code Media & Matt Linstad, Quantum

Join us for an open discussion/presentation on the current and future technologies for working with your growing video data content. We will look at the best-in-class options while helping to identify the areas that could be phased in over time due to budget limitations. Having a full understanding of the critical components needed to have a successful and scalable solution will help you plan better for your current needs and prepare for the future.

11:30am – 12:30pm
ATSC 3.0 The Future of Broadcast Television
Presented by Rich Chernock, Chairman of the ATSC Technology Group on ATSC 3.0 & Chief Science Officer, Triveni Digital, Inc.

Rich Chernock
Rich Chernock

Work is nearing completion on a next generation broadcast digital television system, known as ATSC 3.0. ATSC 3.0 provides a flexible and more efficient physical layer, mobility, UHD images, new solutions for audio, incorporation of new user technologies such as second screen, and hybrid use of broadcast and broadband delivery for services.

This presentation will provide a high-level view of the fundamental architecture of the next-generation broadcast system, how an ATSC 3.0 TV station will be different from today’s ATSC 1.0 station, and what new opportunities ATSC 3.0 will bring to broadcasters.

11:30am – 12:30pm
Trade Secrets of a Guy with a Network Analyzer
Presented by Jeremy Ruck, Jeremy Ruck & Associates, Inc.

The network analyzer is the most important piece of test gear in the arsenal of the RF engineer. In this presentation we will look at the theory behind the device, examine some operational techniques, and consider some real world cases.

Register on-site for GLBC if you haven’t registered in advance!

12:30 – 2:00pm
Exhibit Hall Walk-Around Lunch

2:30 – 3:00pm
The State of IP for Television Broadcast, Production and Distribution
Presented by Robert Erickson, Grass Valley, A Belden Brand

This session is an overview of current and future IP technologies used in broadcast environments. The presentation will include the compelling reasons for the migration from baseband to IP for real time video transport and the challenges that broadcasters will face in making this migration. Erickson will also discuss the current state of standards in the IP broadcast facility, detailing out the main competing standards for the compression and transport of broadcast video and audio. The discussion will also focus on ways to leverage current IT technologies, such as system virtualization and distributed routing architectures will conclude the presentation.

2:30 – 3:00pm
IP Codec Redundancy
Presented by Jacob Daniluck, Tieline the Codec Company

As ISDN & POTS are becoming more expensive to install it may be time to start planning on switching your old POTS/ISDN Codecs. It time to start thinking about an IP Audio Codec which includes some of the following: IP Network Redundancy and/or Alternate Transport Type Redundancy. Exploring these types of technology can help reduce expenses while maintaining audio quality between studios, transmitters, and remotes.

3:00 – 3:30pm
LTE Interference from FM Stations
Presented by Jeff Welton, Nautel

Jeff Welton
Jeff Welton

As the LTE rollout continues nationwide, complaints of interference to LTE stations from licensed FM broadcasters are becoming almost commonplace. This session will discuss the reason for the interference, the legalities of the situation and provides some ideas to help resolve existing interference issues or reduce the possibility of future issues. Practical solutions are heavily based on the real life experience of Michigan engineer Walker Sisson, who was involved first hand in an LTE interference complaint.

3:00 – 3:30pm
Spectrum Auction: Legal Update for Engineers

The spectrum auction will bring about headaches for both management and engineers.  Get the latest legal lowdown on the engineering aspects of the auction and repacking.

4:00 – 5:00pm
EAS State Update 2016
Presented by Don Bouffard, Engineering Specialist, Emergency Management and Homeland Security- Michigan State Police &
Gary Blievernicht, Michigan EAS Chairman

Join MSP and others for the update on the latest EAS developments, requirements and tests.

Register on-site for GLBC if you haven’t registered in advance.